A Sort of Underworld

A German Perspective

Diary entry of the journalist Ursula von Kardorff who sympathized with the resistance, November 30, 1944

Led to Work by a German Shepherd

Testimony of the Soviet forced labourer Michail Kodasch, 1997

Because they mostly were not allowed in air raid shelters, forced labourers sought refuge in S-Bahn and U-Bahn stations. Many were forbidden to ride the S-Bahn, while other rode long distances to work. On these rides, they experienced German civilians behaving in different ways.


Bahnhof Friedrichstraße
10117 Berlin


S/U Friedrichstraße


“A German Perspective”: Ursula von Kardorff, Berlin recording 1942-1945, Munich 1962

“Led to Work by a German Shepherd”: Testimony of Michael Kodasch, 1997, Collection of the Berliner Geschichtswerkstatt