Aircraft Industry and KZ

Forced Labour in the Aircraft Industry

The Ministry pushed the aircraft industry, using also concentration camp prisoners.

At Bosch Concentration Camp

Maria Cicha from was forced to work for the Bosch subsidiary Dreilinden Maschinenbau GmbH.

Nearby: Memorial Plaque Rote Kapelle

Harro Schulze-Boysen’s resistance group also helped forced labourers (Niederkirchnerstraße).

The aircraft industry, coordinated by the Ministry of Aviation headed by Hermann Göring, used a particularly large number of concentration camp inmates for forced labour. Until the very last days of the war, thousands of them were killed in underground projects.

The Heinkel factories in Oranienburg were the forerunners for using concentration camp inmates in the aircraft industry. Bosch and Daimler also build a subcamp near Berlin where Luftwaffe engines and supplies were manufactured.

In 1939, the Bosch subsidiary Dreilinden Maschinenbau GmbH (DLMG) build a new factory in Kleinmachnow; forced labourers were employed starting in 1941, and concentration camp inmates as of 1944.

Hermann Göring was also commissioner of the Four Year Plan and, therefore, played a key role in planning the deployment of forced labourers.

Built in 1936, the building was later home to the GDR House of Ministries and thus became the target of the demonstrations on June 17, 1953.

More on the aircraft industry in the tour “Forced Labour was Everywhere”, stop 11


Wilhelmstraße 97
10117 Berlin


U Mohrenstraße


“Forced Labour in the Aircraft Industry”: Bundesarchiv, photo 183-H02734 (1); Bundesarchiv, photo 183-S52911 (2); Friedrich Didier, Europe working in Germany, Munich 1943 (3); Bundesarchiv, photo 141-2737 (4); German Luftwacht / Luftwissen, April 1942 (5); Bundesarchiv Berlin, R 821/286 (6); Private archive Martin (7)

“At Bosch Concentration Camp”: Interview with Maria Cicha, 2001, and private photo, Private Archive Martin

“Nearby: Memorial Plaque Rote Kapelle”: Collection of the Berliner Geschichtswerkstatt